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CHKDSK Utility

The Checkdisk or popularly known as CHKDSK among computer users is a Microsoft disk utility capable of verifying the integrity of your file system and the hard disk drive blocks. In its default mode, the utility will scan the file system for errors and miscues but without trying to fix any error it encounters. There are two user options available upon running this program. The first enables the utility to fix all the problems found after the scan while the other option starts the utility to do an exhaustive check of the disk surface looking for any bad blocks. Once a bad block is found, the utility automatically tries to recover the data to a new block then removes the bad one from use. The Disk checking is a necessity among computer users although this privilege is often overlooked due to the fact that it is time consuming and the computer is always busy with the Internet or other things that is why disk checking is often left forgotten. However we must not wait before we start experiencing problems then run the CHKDSK. We are advised to run Check Disk once a month in order to keep us updated of our disk's health and if the disk checking finds too many bad sectors then that is when you should consider getting a new hard disk.

Here is a step by step procedure on how to start a disk check on your Windows computer
1. Click on the Start Menu; click My Computer.
2. Right-click on the hard drive and select Properties.
3. Select the Tools Tab and click Check Now.

4. At the Check Disk menu, click both options (to "Automatically fix file system errors" and "Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors").
5. Click Start. A message prompt will ask you if you want to schedule a disk check, click Yes
6. Close all open menus and programs.
7. Restart your computer. Windows will run the CHKDSK utility and open your desktop when it has finished. Keep in mind that it may take an hour or two to do this test, so do not perform this test when you have insufficient time.

The CHKDSK utility does work on any drive that has been formatted and supported by the Windows file system; this means that either NTFS, FAT32, or one of the FAT32 predecessors can be checked by the Check Disk utility.


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